Have you ever had your computer start to shut down, repeating this cycle indefinitely? It’s frustrating and may confuse.
Understanding why your laptop activates and goes rancid repeatedly is key to solving this problem. Several variables can contribute to this odd behavior, from hardware faults to software system problems.
In this article, we will discuss the reasons behind this trouble, helping you troubleshoot and clear up the non-stop energy cycling of your PC. By the conclusion, you will understand the problem better and be ready to solve it.
Why Does My Laptop Turn On and Off Repeatedly?
It could be overheating, a faulty hard drive, battery, RAM, processor, motherboard, damaged charger or laptop port, the wrong overclocking technique, viruses and malware, fast startup options, faulty or outdated drivers, or an old CMOS battery. Correct methods can fix all these issues.
Computer hardware has one of the toughest components in the world, which can operate at high temperatures. But every electronic component has its temperature limits. Reaching these limits becomes problematic, and turning on and off is one of these problems.
Hard Drive Malfunctioning
A failing hard drive can draw too much power from the laptop’s power supply, causing it to overload and close down. This power fluctuation may cause the computer to repeatedly switch on and off.
Additionally, if the power supply itself is defective, it may not be able to provide the specified power to the hard drive continuously, resulting in intermittent operation. The corrupted boot sector is also a cause of hard drive malfunctioning. The boot sector is a crucial element of the hard drive responsible for starting the operating system at startup.
The computer may not boot properly if the boot area becomes corrupted due to document machine errors, unanticipated power loss, or malware infections. It may cause the computer to repeatedly attempt to start up, detect an error, and restart in an endless cycle.
Processor or GPU Malfunction
Excessive heat can cause the processor to overload and activate thermal protection mechanisms. It may cause the computer to continually shut down and restart. In some instances, a faulty energy supply or insufficient energy transport can cause the laptop to intermittently power on and shut down.
In uncommon situations, the CPU itself may be defective or damaged. You should contact an expert technician for capacity replacement and similar analysis if you suspect this.
A faulty battery could prevent your computer from receiving a constant power supply. As a result, the computer may briefly start up when you press the power icon but then shut down due to insufficient power. This cycle can continue indefinitely if the battery cannot maintain the required voltage.
Modern laptops rely on accurate battery calibration to determine the remaining energy capacity. If the battery is faulty, it can provide inaccurate readings to the laptop’s power management system.
It may cause the computer to shut down, assuming the battery is exhausted, and restart when the device detects sufficient power. The recurrent on-off cycle occurs because the laptop struggles to accurately measure the battery’s charge level.
The RAM (Random Access Memory) in your computer may be defective if it repeatedly turns on and off. RAM is an integral component of a laptop that momentarily stores data for quick access via the processor. If the RAM is faulty, it can lead to various issues, including constantly restarting your laptop.
When you switch on your computer, it executes a predetermined sequence of operations known as the booting system. The computer’s hardware is initialized during this system, and the operating system is loaded into the RAM. If the RAM is defective, it may fail to function properly, causing the booting system and the laptop to repeatedly shut down and resume.
If your laptop turns on and off in a cycle, it can be because of motherboard troubles. The motherboard is an important component of your computer that homes various hardware components and enables conversation among them.
When there is a problem with the motherboard, it can cause the computer to exhibit unusual conduct, such as again and again turning on and stale. Here are a few feasible reasons why this problem may occur:
Faulty power delivery or electricity management circuitry at the motherboard can cause the PC to intermittently turn the electricity on and rancid. It may be due to damaged energy capacitors, a free electricity connection, or a failing AC adapter.
If the PC’s cooling gadget is not functioning well, it may result in overheating of the motherboard. Overheating can trigger integrated protection mechanisms that motivate the laptop to shut down and restart in an attempt to calm down. It can result from clogged vents, a malfunctioning cooling fan, or a dried-out thermal paste.
The Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is liable for initializing hardware components during the boot method. Incorrect BIOS settings, which include volatile overclocking configurations or incompatible hardware settings, can cause the PC to switch on and off as it tries to correct the mistakes.
Damaged Charger or Laptop Charging Point
Your laptop charger is the only power source for your computer after its battery. It needs it to recharge the battery. A faulty charger can easily cause this problem to occur in your laptop. It is also possible that its cable or pin is damaged. Cables become faulty when they get twisted a lot.
We have to plug in and out the cable in our laptop jack, which makes it loose and faulty. Such a charging point can turn your laptop computer on and off in case of internal sparking. In the worst case, you experience a short circuit that catches fire. It can easily cost you a computer or charger.
Wrong Overclock Settings
There is a limit of voltage and frequency for each laptop computer. Excessive voltage can cause such problems in your laptop. You must increase the power in points when overclocking your laptop’s vital hardware using verified software. Otherwise, you can experience different issues.
Operating System Issue
Windows, MacOS, Linux, Unix, etc., are technically known as operating systems. Sudden power cuts can cause your operating system to get corrupted. Such an operating system can be a reason behind this issue. Sometimes repairing it solves the problem, but sometimes you must reinstall it.
Virus and Malware
A certain kind of virus running behind can put your laptop in a loop of turning on and off repeatedly to harm your laptop computer permanently. Computers are made to run constantly for hours. Repeated reboots can easily damage their hardware, especially when they are iterative.
Device drivers are responsible for making your computer hardware functional. Without them, your computer is useless. Faulty drivers, including this one, can cause different issues in your laptop computer. Drivers get corrupted when there is a power cut during the updates.
Old and Faulty CMOS Battery
Each computer has a UEFI or BIOS. It is responsible for initializing your peripheral devices, invoking the bootloader, and making your computer hardware useful. UEFI/BIOS depends on a battery to work properly, known as a CMOS (Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) Battery.
This battery gets discharged over time. As a result, your laptop computer starts representing different anomalies. Your laptop computer turning on and off can be because of such a faulty battery. You must replace your laptop’s battery in this case.
How To Fix My Laptop Turn On and Off Repeatedly?
Keep Your Laptop As Cool As Possible
The first thing you should consider is cleaning dust from the internal part of your laptop computer and changing its thermal grease. Secondly, you should buy a laptop cooler for your precious computer. Laptop tables are available in the market that can keep your computer cool.
If you live in a warmer area, you should insulate your computer room and install an air cooler. It will allow you to drop your room’s temperature as the high room temperature is also a culprit behind overheating. Your room temperature should be more or less 25 degrees.
Replace Hard Drive, Battery, GPU, or RAM
If this problem of turning on and off your computer is because of your storage, then you should consider replacing it with a good one. If the fault is still present, replace your laptop’s battery, which might be causing this irritating issue. Changing the battery will also increase your computer’s discharge time.
More technical technicians can repair your laptop’s battery in case the new one is unavailable. They do this by replacing old and dead cells with new ones. Replacing your computer’s RAM is another option if it is the culprit. You might have to change your graphics processing unit to solve the problem.
Diagnose & Remove Motherboard Issue
If the motherboard itself is faulty and causing your laptop computer to turn on and off repeatedly, you must find the same motherboard. If replacing your computer’s motherboard is too high, consider buying a new and better laptop for yourself.
Replace Charger or Repair Charging Port
If your laptop charger’s cable or pin is damaged, then you should get it repaired. Such spare parts are easily available in the market. But if the charger is faulty and cannot be repaired, you must buy a new one compatible with your laptop. Make sure that the output voltage of your new charger is the same.
In case of a faulty charging port, you should contact a technician to repair it or replace it with a new one. Laptop charging jacks in the market are unique to laptop computers. Hopefully, it will help you charge your battery and eliminate the power on and off.
Disable overclocking might work for you as the unstable overclock can be a reason behind this annoying problem. Try using the same software to disable overclocking that you used to enable it. Your laptop computer might not be the one that can handle any kind of overclocking.
Excessive overclocking uses more resources like current, and as a result, other hardware components start to malfunction, often leading to sunned turning-off issues. Just disable the overclocking to resolve this issue.
If you cannot disable overclocking as your laptop is not turning on, then default BIOS settings will set default frequency values for all hardware components.
Repair Or Install New Windows
Firstly, repair your Windows operating system. Just plug in the bootable DVD or USB drive and select “Repair” from the options. Your computer must be connected to the internet during this. If repairing your OS does not work, then install it from scratch. It will remove all the problems in your Windows 10/11.
Scan & Remove Malware and Virus
You can scan and remove the virus using the Windows built-in antimalware service or other antivirus. Open the “Start Menu” and type “Virus & threat protection.” Open the app and press the “Quick Scan” button. Let your operating system detect and delete viruses for you.
Update Drivers and Windows
Drivers are key elements that connect the hardware to the software. If any of these drivers stop working, they cause huge issues for the hardware. Therefore, always ensure that all of your Windows drivers are updated. Moreover, if your Windows itself is not updated, you must update it first.
Open the start menu, type “Check for updates,” and hit enter. Here, click on “Check for update” under the Windows icon. Your PC will start the research. If you have a Windows update pending, download and install it immediately.
Change The CMOS Battery
One important thing you need to check is your laptop computer’s CMOS battery. If it is faulty, your computer can’t work properly as it is used to power your BIOS firmware.
BIOS firmware is responsible for booting up your laptop. If it is faulty, you must replace it with a new one to make your computer functional again, as this battery makes your BIOS useful.
Does Hard Reset Solves Laptop Turn On and Off Problem?
If the problem is related to software or misconfigured Windows settings, then a hard reset can solve this issue. But a hard reset won’t do anything if any hardware malfunction causes this problem. You will need to repair or replace the component.
Hard reset is mostly used for the clean installation of the operating system to eliminate errors and bugs. It is also used to remove bad sectors. To do the hard reset, go to system settings and open “update and security.”
Here, go to the recovery menu, and in the section of Reset this PC, you will find the “Get started” button. Press the button to open the recovery menu. Now follow the instructions to hard reset your laptop.
Note: Hard reset can delete all of your laptop’s data. Therefore, always make a backup before proceeding to any step.
Overheating can make your laptop turn on and off, as there can be a built-in mechanism to protect it from permanent damage. Cleaning dust from your computer, replacing its thermal paste, insulating your computer room, and installing a room air cooler to drop its temperature are recommended.
A faulty and dying computer hard drive not only shows BSODs (Blue Screens Of Death), but it also restarts your computer again and again. In this case, the only solution is to replace your HDD or SSD with a new and better one. The same goes for the faulty CPU and GPU in your laptop computer.
Your laptop battery may be breathing its last and causing this issue as a sign. Repairing or replacing it with a new one should solve the problem. In case of the faulty RAM, you will have to replace it as well. But if the fault is in your motherboard, you might have to buy a new laptop.
If the charger or the charging port is the culprit, then repairing or replacing them should fix the problem. If your laptop becomes unstable on overclocking, you should not force it to overclock. However, a dead CMOS battery can easily be changed to restore your computer.
You can scan your computer to detect and delete viruses, turning it on and off repeatedly. If your computer’s drivers are corrupt, repairing or updating them will fix the issue. Similarly, if your operating system is the culprit and repairing it is not working, reinstall it.
Hey, I’m Hammad. I write for this website to help you with the IT advice about PC, RAM, CPU, Motherboard, PSU, and other PC components.
I will provide detailed guides with images, and explain step by step so you can understand the process. Check all my articles here.