Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing?

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

The File Explorer is a crucial link in Windows 11’s vast ecosystem, facilitating our engagement with digital files in a streamlined manner. However, Windows 11’s File Explorer has been crashing unexpectedly despite its usefulness. 

It is due to compatibility issues with the software, which result in crashes within the File Explorer. Another reason is the decreased performance or system crashes due to resource exhaustion. Also, Corrupted system files hinder the execution of tasks and result in bad functioning. 

The ability to open, navigate, and manage one’s computer’s files and directories is the primary function of File Explorer. Though it’s a Microsoft product, it could be more rock-solid. File Explorer on your Windows 11 PC may become unresponsive or even crash. Constantly restarting File Explorer is frustrating since it interrupts your work.

  • Software Compatibility Issues

Windows 11, a dynamic amalgamation of diverse software components, occasionally encounters disruptions when newly introduced updates or applications fail to integrate seamlessly with existing elements. This disharmony often results in crashes within the File Explorer, as the intricate interplay between these software entities becomes compromised.

  • Conflict Among Software Programs

In specific scenarios, the intricate interaction between software applications within the Windows 11 environment can be less than harmonious. Such conflicts can trigger a cascade of events that disrupt the normal functioning of the operating system, eventually leading to the abrupt crashing of the File Explorer. This collision between software programs can undermine the system’s stability, causing interruptions in essential processes.

  • Corruption of System Files

System files, integral to the proper operation of the operating system, are susceptible to corruption due to various factors, such as software anomalies, hardware glitches, or the malicious activities of malware. This corruption can hinder the smooth execution of tasks, including the proper functioning of the File Explorer. These corrupted files impact critical system operations and contribute to the recurrent crashes experienced within the File Explorer interface.

  • Resource Exhaustion

Modern computing involves the simultaneous operation of numerous applications, each demanding a share of the system’s resources. In cases where these demands exceed the available resources, the system becomes strained, leading to sluggish performance and, at times, crashes.

This resource depletion can affect various aspects of the operating system, including the stability of the File Explorer. When essential resources required for the File Explorer’s smooth operation are lacking, crashes become unfortunate.

  • Incompatibility of Third-Party Extensions

To enhance the functionality of File Explorer, users often rely on third-party extensions, add-ons, or shell extensions. However, if these additional components need to be better coded or updated, they can interfere with the core operations of the File Explorer. This interference can disrupt the stability of the File Explorer, leading to repeated crashes.

The clashes between the intended functionality of these extensions and the underlying system architecture can generate conflicts that undermine the seamless operation of the interface.

  • Issues with Device Drivers

The stability of an operating system depends on the proper functioning of hardware components. Outdated or incompatible device drivers, particularly those associated with critical hardware elements like graphics cards, can introduce instabilities in the system.

These instabilities can manifest as crashes, including those affecting the File Explorer. The malfunctioning of essential drivers can create a ripple effect throughout the operating system, causing disruptions in various user interfaces, such as File Explorer.

  • Undiscovered Operating System Glitches

Even with meticulous testing, operating systems can harbor latent glitches that surface under specific conditions. These undiscovered issues can trigger crashes within various system components, including the File Explorer.

These glitches, often unforeseen during the development and testing phases, become apparent when users encounter situations that trigger their activation. The resulting crashes disrupt the smooth navigation of files and folders through the File Explorer interface.

  • Limited System Resources

Windows 11 imposes certain hardware requirements to ensure optimal performance. However, in cases where a system falls short of these prerequisites, it may struggle to execute tasks efficiently. This insufficiency in system resources can manifest as crashes, impacting specific applications and core system functions like File Explorer. The need for more necessary resources hampers the File Explorer’s ability to render a seamless user experience, resulting in recurrent crashes.

  • Interference from Background Processes

The multifaceted nature of an operating system involves various background services and processes running concurrently. Sometimes, these processes can interfere with the File Explorer’s core operations. This interference disrupts the normal flow of operations, causing the File Explorer to crash intermittently. While essential for the overall system functionality, these background processes can inadvertently impact the stability of user interfaces like File Explorer.

How to Fix Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing?

You can fix this issue by restarting the Windows Explorer process with Task Manager’s help. By doing this, you will face fewer crashes and have a fantastic user experience. Another major fix is clearing the cache of File Explorer, which slows down your hard drive and can cause programs to crash.

Using Windows 11’s File Explorer intuitively is frequently synonymous with navigating the operating system’s digital landscape. Users of Windows 11 may find that the frustrating issue of frequent crashes in File Explorer overshadows this improvement. Knowing how to fix these issues is crucial for regaining stability and restoring continuous access to files and folders.

Try Restarting the Process of Windows Explorer

File Explorer, the taskbar, the Start menu, and other Windows features all have graphical user interfaces provided by Windows Explorer, a system process. If there are temporary troubles with the Windows Explorer process, File Explorer may close unexpectedly. If Windows Explorer has problems, you might try restarting the process instead of the whole system.

  • Select Task Manager from the menu when you right-click the Start button.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Find Windows Explorer under the Processes menu. You can restart it by right-clicking on it.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Clear the File Explorer Cache

The cache is a collection of temporary files that applications and operating systems use to speed up operations. However, it could become counterproductive if too much is asked of it. Cache files not only slow down your hard drive, but they can also cause program conflicts that crash your system. Clearing the cache may fix performance issues or crashes like the one under consideration.

  • You can bring up the Run dialogue box by pressing Windows and the letter R.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Type “C:\Users\%username%\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Recent\AutomaticDestinations” into the dialogue box’s text field and press Enter.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Clear out anything in the “AutomaticDestinations” folder when you get there. Last but not least, try restarting your computer to see if it helps.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Turn Off the Antivirus

Always use an antivirus program to safeguard your computer. However, not every antivirus software is trustworthy. You may want to check if your third-party antivirus software interferes with File Explorer operations and causes unexpected crashes.

  • Disabling your antivirus software by right-clicking its taskbar icon and selecting “Disable > Disable until next restart” is one way to investigate this issue.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Configure Options of File Explorer

In Windows 11, File Explorer may act up if there are problems with Quick Access. Setting up File Explorer to start at the This PC page should do the trick if that’s the case.

  • To launch Windows Explorer, press the keys Win + E.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Choose the gear icon (three dots) on the top right to access the settings.
  • Select This PC from the drop-down menu beside Open File Explorer in the Folder Options box. Simply select OK and then Apply.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Run the SFC Scan

The Command Prompt is the interface for entering commands into a computer. Corrupted or missing system files could be to blame if the Windows File Explorer crashes or becomes unresponsive. System File Checker (SFC) can diagnose and fix system file corruption.

  • Type “CMD” into the Win+R prompt. To launch the program in administrative mode, press the Windows key plus Shift plus Enter.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Press Enter after typing “sfc /scannow.” Scanning for corrupted system files can be done with SFC.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Stay put while it scans your system. Try doing so to see if restarting your computer has fixed the problem.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Update the Windows Version

When using a version of Windows that is too old, unexpected problems can arise, such as a frozen or unresponsive File Explorer. You can fix it by upgrading to the most recent version of your operating system.

  • Open the search bar and type “Settings.” Click on the Settings option that pops up.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • After that, open the Updates & Security tab. Navigate to “Windows Update.”

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • From there, you will see any available versions of Windows (If any).

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Try Changing the Graphics Driver

If you’re encountering the error message “Windows 10/11 File Explorer keeps crashing,” an out-of-date graphics card driver may be to blame.

  • To open Device Manager, press Win + X. This will open the options menu. From there, select “Device Manager.”

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • To remove your graphics card, open Display Adapters, right-click your card, and then choose Uninstall device.
  • Check Select the Uninstall button to remove the driver software for this device.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

If you restart your computer, Windows will reinstall your graphics card automatically. Additionally, if Windows fails to reinstall your graphics card driver, you can get the most up-to-date version of the driver from the graphics card manufacturer’s website. Then, launch Device Manager once more, go to Action in the main menu, and then select Scan for hardware changes. If File Explorer still doesn’t work after the restart, try restarting your computer again.

Try to Clean Boot the Windows

Your operating system is constantly juggling several tasks in the background. Due to a bug or corruption fault, they may impede your OS’s operations, causing problems like the one with Windows 11’s File Explorer.

One easy fix is to use a Clean Boot on your computer. When Windows is restarted in Clean Boot mode, it loads only the minimum programs and files needed to get the operating system up and running. Users can then ascertain whether or not a particular service in the background is to blame.

  • Pressing the Windows key plus the letter R simultaneously raises the Run dialogue box. Type msconfig into the dialogue box’s text field, then press Enter.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • In the System Configuration window, choose the Services tab, then pick the option to “Hide all Microsoft services.” In that case, select “Disable all” from the menu.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • To access the Task Manager, select it from the Startup menu.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Then, right-click on each item in the Startup tab of Task Manager, and then click Disable.
  • Last, try restarting your machine to see if the problem still exists.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Try Modifying the Registry Editor

Sometimes, Windows applications won’t launch because of corrupt files stored in the Registry Editor. You can safely remove corrupted files if you do not need them for operations.

  • You can access the Run dialogue box by pressing the Windows and R keys simultaneously.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • Type “regedit” into the dialogue box’s search area, then press Enter. When prompted, select Yes on the User Account Control window.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • The next step, once you’ve opened the Registry Editor, is to go to “BagMRU,” which is in the following key: HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Classes\Local Settings\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Shell\BagMRU.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • To remove the BagMRU key, right-click it and choose Delete. Select “Yes” when prompted. Then, using the right mouse button, remove the Bags key from the same directory.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Try Launching the Folder Windows in a Different Process

All File Explorer instances share a single instance of explorer.exe by default. Because of this, all open File Explorer windows are vulnerable to problems in any of them. You can prevent this by setting Windows such that new File Explorer windows launch in a new process. Learn the steps here.

  • To access the Run command prompt, press Win + R. You can access the File Explore Options by typing “control.exe folders” into the text field and pressing Enter.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • After entering the command and opening the File Explorer Options, select the View menu option.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

  • You can open the folder windows in a new process by selecting the “Launch Folder Windows in a Separate Process” option from the Advanced Settings. Simply select OK and then Apply.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Make Use of the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool

If your computer’s memory is malfunctioning, you may notice that File Explorer frequently freezes or crashes. Windows has a Memory Diagnostic tool that can check your RAM for problems. The tool’s execution will necessitate a computer restart, so save any relevant data before proceeding. Hold tight as Windows Memory Diagnostic checks the RAM in your computer for problems. If the tool finds any concerns, you should investigate them thoroughly.

  • To access the Run dialogue box, press Win + R. Input mdsched and hit Enter. Select the first restart option to launch Windows Memory Diagnostic and look for issues.

Why Does Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing? | Cpugpunerds.com

Limitations of Windows 11 File Explorer Keep Crashing

The limitations include decreased efficiency due to frequent crashes, which become the reasons for significant setbacks when you need work done as soon as possible. These crashes can interrupt your workflow, force you to troubleshoot the problem, and leave work.

Windows 11’s File Explorer is prone to crashing, which can introduce several severe constraints that might have far-reaching effects on the user interface and the system’s ability to function. These constraints create a long shadow within this complex web of digital components, adding to difficulties far beyond technical ones.

These constraints are multifaceted, involving technological complexities and user relationships. These factors combine to shape the user experience and the problems they face. Users can acquire perspective on the widespread fallout from File Explorer crashing into Windows 11’s complex digital ecosystem by familiarising themselves with these restrictions.

Interrupted Flow of Work

To help users easily explore their digital world, Windows 11 introduced File Explorer as a centralized location for organizing and accessing files and folders. However, File Explorer’s propensity to fail unexpectedly severely hampered users’ workflow.

As a result of these failures, users must immediately pause what they are doing to perform troubleshooting steps or restart the computer. Users’ productivity drops, and their stress levels rise due to the inconsistency of the File Explorer, which prevents them from working continuously.

Decrease in Efficiency

The Windows 11 File Explorer’s frequent breakdowns are a significant setback in a world when digital tools are essential to getting work done. Users’ focus is shifted from their primary activity to debugging when these events occur. As a result of being forced to divert attention from their work to finding and fixing the cause of the crashes, users may see a drop in output. As a result, it takes longer to finish activities, and productivity decreases.

Problems With Data Availability

The primary function of the File Explorer is to provide easy navigation of stored data. Users may have trouble getting to critical files if File Explorer frequently crashes. Due to the crashes, files may be momentarily inaccessible, hindering vital operations and possibly delaying project deadlines. When time is of the essence and access to specific files is critical, this restriction can prove troublesome.

Delayed Problem Solving

Is File Explorer crashing? Tracking down the root cause can be a frustrating and time-consuming ordeal. Users may need to try various diagnostic procedures, run system scans, and investigate possible fixes. The longer users have to deal with the frustrating crashes, the more frustrated they become, and the more their productivity suffers.

Reduced System Stability

A possible sign of system instability is frequent crashing in the File Explorer. The crashes not only interfere with File Explorer’s functionality, but they may also indicate deeper OS problems. These problems may be wider than the File Explorer but may impair the reliability of other programs and features. This restriction highlights the urgency of fixing File Explorer crashes to avoid their domino impact on the rest of the system.

Excess Need for Troubleshooting

When dealing with File Explorer problems, users frequently rely on the provided troubleshooting techniques. These procedures may entail looking at various options, scanning the system, and trying different fixes. As users seek to determine the causes of the crashes, the need for technical problem-solving skills becomes clear. The need to troubleshoot compounds the already aggravating nature of the scenario.


The File Explorer’s frequent crashes are a sobering reminder of the precarious balance between software and user experience in the Windows 11 digital ecosystem, where efficiency and smooth functionality are critical. The actual usefulness of File Explorer becomes apparent as its users engage with their digital world via the program. The continuous crashes, however, cast a pall of frustration and disruption over this usefulness, prompting us to investigate the nitty-gritty details at the root of the problem.

The mysterious failures of File Explorer can be traced back to the interplay between many software components, the dominance of system architecture, and the emergence of compatibility issues in Windows 11. These crashes, which incompatibilities, conflicts, or corruption might cause, are annoying since they interrupt the natural progression of operations and navigation. 

There is, however, a reason to be optimistic about the quest for digital peace and harmony. If consumers know what’s going on and how to fix it, they can find their way through the maze of technical details and bring things back to normal. Users can find the elusive solutions to File Explorer crashes by embracing tactics including restarting programs, deleting caches, and modifying settings.

The File Explorer is the conductor of the technology and user interaction symphony, leading the way through the digital landscapes gracefully and easily. Its frequent failures are a rallying cry to investigate what went wrong with Windows 11 at its core. When users have the information they need, File Explorer can be transformed from a source of pain into a portal for increased productivity and a smoother digital journey.

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